Pet Library

Glaucoma in Dogs

How Does Glaucoma Affect Dogs?When there is pressure on the eye, this causes inadequate fluid drainage, which results in glaucoma. If this condition worsens, permanent damage will occur in the optic nerve, which will result in blindness.Regardless of surgical or medical treatment, approximately 40 percent of dogs who are affected by glaucoma will become blind in their infected eye within the first year. Glaucoma is often seen in these canine breeds:• Chow chows • Cocker Spaniels • Poodles • Samoyeds • SiberiansWhat Causes Glaucoma in Dogs?When the usual outfl...

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Administering Subcutaneous Fluids for Pets at Home

There are several scenarios where a pet may need at-home fluids administered under their skin. Pets that have chronic kidney disease form the most common of these cases, as these patients need extra fluids on top of what they are already drinking to help wash down dangerous renal toxins through their systems. Sick pets also do not drink enough water, so fluid administration will usually be required.If you are reading this, you should have already received a demonstration on how to properly administer fluids—this article will simply function as a tip sheet for you to use while you are at...

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Corneal Ulcers in Pets

A corneal ulcer is a common injury that happens to dogs and cats—if your best friend is constantly squinting or pawing at their eyes, they could have a corneal ulcer. This injury is typically caused by a foreign body in the eye or by trauma, infection, abnormal eye structure and inadequate tearing.There are four layers to the cornea—the severity of this injury depends on how many different layers of the cornea have been affected. Ulcers that involve the outer layer typically heal in approximately seven days, while ulcers that go deeper can cause scarring, perforation of the cornea and...

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Diabetes in Pets

Diabetes in pets can occur at any age. Dogs usually 4-14 years old are diagnosed more often, and most are diagnosed at around 7-10 years of age. For cats, most diabetic felines are older than six. One of the most significant risk factors in diabetic pets is obesity. When cats or dogs get older, they are more susceptible to other diseases that can result in diabetes. Long-term use of medications containing corticosteroids also pose a risk factor for diabetes.Signs of Diabetes in PetsObserving early diabetic signs in pets is the most important step to managing this disease. The earlier t...

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Pancreatitis in Dogs

A dog’s pancreas helps the canine digest food and controls their blood sugar and metabolism levels. When the pancreas suddenly becomes inflamed (acute pancreatitis), this results in pain and swelling as the pancreas begins to digest itself.How is Pancreatitis in Dogs Caused, and What Are the Risk Factors?Pancreatitis in dogs can be caused by a number of factors, including:• Obesity • Hypothyroidism • Certain toxins and medications • High-fat diets (or the large introduction of high fatty foods in a short amount of time)While pancreatitis can occur in any dog, cert...

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Ruptured Cruciate

OverviewFor dogs, a ruptured cranial cruciate ligament is the most common knee injury in canines. The cruciate ligaments are two bands of fibrous tissue located within each knee joint, which join the femur and tibia together, causing the knee to work as a hinged joint.An acute or traumatic cruciate rupture happens when there is a twisting injury to the knee joint, which occurs when a dog is running and has a sudden change of direction. A cruciate ligament rupture is very painful for the animal and it renders the knee joint unstable.Dogs with problems in their knees may be more inc...

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Addison’s Disease in Dogs

How Does Addison’s Disease Affect Dogs?Addison’s disease, or hypoadrenocorticism, is rare in canines, however when it does occur it often is seen in younger or middle-aged dogs and female dogs. It is also usually seen in Portuguese water dogs, Standard Poodles, Bearded Collies, West Highland white terriers, wheaten terriers and Rottweilers.Glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids are hormones that are usually produced by the adrenal glands, which are near the kidneys. These hormones are vital to the healthy, proper functioning of the body—abnormal increases or decreases of these h...

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Pyometra

OverviewPyometra is a complicated disease that is triggered by bacterial involvement. It is an infection of the uterus that can occur in cats and dogs and makes them very ill. The cyclical hormonal influences of female cats and dogs lets the uterus go through changes that will be acceptable for fertilization of an embryo. If bacteria get introduced to the uterus at a specific time during the cycle, hormonal regulation of the uterus starts the infection, which can become life-threatening.Cats and dogs that are spayed early in their life will most likely not develop pyometra. However, a ...

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Cushing’s Syndrome in Dogs

What is Cushing’s Syndrome and How Does it Affect Dogs?When your dog’s body creates too much of a hormone called cortisol, Cushing’s syndrome will occur. Cortisol is a chemical that helps dogs control their weight, respond to stress, fight infections and keep their blood sugar at a steady level. However, too much cortisol—or too little—can cause issues.Cushing’s syndrome—also known as hyperadrenocorticism or hypercortisolism—can sometimes be difficult to diagnose, since it has similar symptoms to other conditions. To help your vet make a diagnosis, indicate to them any...

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Heartworm Disease

Heartworm disease is very serious, as it can result in severe lung disease, heart failure and even death in pets. Heartworms are spread through mosquito bites, which results in worms producing offspring inside your pet. These worms live in the heart, lungs and blood vessels of an infected animal.Heartworm in DogsWhen an infected mosquito bites a dog, the mosquito spreads the infective larvae of heartworms to the dog through the bite wound. For the now newly infected dog, it usually takes about six or seven months for the larvae to develop into adult heartworms, which then mate, causing...

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