Pet Library

Glaucoma in Dogs

How Does Glaucoma Affect Dogs?When there is pressure on the eye, this causes inadequate fluid drainage, which results in glaucoma. If this condition worsens, permanent damage will occur in the optic nerve, which will result in blindness.Regardless of surgical or medical treatment, approximately 40 percent of dogs who are affected by glaucoma will become blind in their infected eye within the first year. Glaucoma is often seen in these canine breeds:• Chow chows • Cocker Spaniels • Poodles • Samoyeds • SiberiansWhat Causes Glaucoma in Dogs?When the usual outfl...

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Administering Subcutaneous Fluids for Pets at Home

There are several scenarios where a pet may need at-home fluids administered under their skin. Pets that have chronic kidney disease form the most common of these cases, as these patients need extra fluids on top of what they are already drinking to help wash down dangerous renal toxins through their systems. Sick pets also do not drink enough water, so fluid administration will usually be required.If you are reading this, you should have already received a demonstration on how to properly administer fluids—this article will simply function as a tip sheet for you to use while you are at...

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Corneal Ulcers in Pets

A corneal ulcer is a common injury that happens to dogs and cats—if your best friend is constantly squinting or pawing at their eyes, they could have a corneal ulcer. This injury is typically caused by a foreign body in the eye or by trauma, infection, abnormal eye structure and inadequate tearing.There are four layers to the cornea—the severity of this injury depends on how many different layers of the cornea have been affected. Ulcers that involve the outer layer typically heal in approximately seven days, while ulcers that go deeper can cause scarring, perforation of the cornea and...

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Ear Infections in Pets

Otitis interna refers to an inflammation of a pet’s inner ear, while otitis media refers to an inflammation of a pet’s middle ear—both of these conditions are caused by bacterial infection.For dogs, long-eared breeds with excessive hair and non-erect outer ears are believed to be more susceptible to canine ear infections. These breeds include Cocker Spaniels, Labrador Retrievers and Springer Spaniels.What Are the Symptoms of Ear Infections in Pets?Symptoms of otitis media or interna heavily depend on how extensive and severe the infection is. Signs may include no visible sy...

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Diabetes in Pets

Diabetes in pets can occur at any age. Dogs usually 4-14 years old are diagnosed more often, and most are diagnosed at around 7-10 years of age. For cats, most diabetic felines are older than six. One of the most significant risk factors in diabetic pets is obesity. When cats or dogs get older, they are more susceptible to other diseases that can result in diabetes. Long-term use of medications containing corticosteroids also pose a risk factor for diabetes.Signs of Diabetes in PetsObserving early diabetic signs in pets is the most important step to managing this disease. The earlier t...

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Pancreatitis in Dogs

A dog’s pancreas helps the canine digest food and controls their blood sugar and metabolism levels. When the pancreas suddenly becomes inflamed (acute pancreatitis), this results in pain and swelling as the pancreas begins to digest itself.How is Pancreatitis in Dogs Caused, and What Are the Risk Factors?Pancreatitis in dogs can be caused by a number of factors, including:• Obesity • Hypothyroidism • Certain toxins and medications • High-fat diets (or the large introduction of high fatty foods in a short amount of time)While pancreatitis can occur in any dog, cert...

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Vaccine Reactions in Pets

After receiving a vaccine, it is normal for pets to experience certain side effects which usually start within hours after the vaccination. It’s important to note that if the below side effects last for more than a day or two, or if your pet is in visible discomfort, then you need to contact your veterinarian immediately.These side effects include:• Mild fever • Decreased appetite and activity • Discomfort and local swelling at the vaccination site • For intranasal vaccines, pets may experience sneezing, mild coughing, runny nose or other respiratory signs, which may occu...

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Ruptured Cruciate

OverviewFor dogs, a ruptured cranial cruciate ligament is the most common knee injury in canines. The cruciate ligaments are two bands of fibrous tissue located within each knee joint, which join the femur and tibia together, causing the knee to work as a hinged joint.An acute or traumatic cruciate rupture happens when there is a twisting injury to the knee joint, which occurs when a dog is running and has a sudden change of direction. A cruciate ligament rupture is very painful for the animal and it renders the knee joint unstable.Dogs with problems in their knees may be more inc...

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Addison’s Disease in Dogs

How Does Addison’s Disease Affect Dogs?Addison’s disease, or hypoadrenocorticism, is rare in canines, however when it does occur it often is seen in younger or middle-aged dogs and female dogs. It is also usually seen in Portuguese water dogs, Standard Poodles, Bearded Collies, West Highland white terriers, wheaten terriers and Rottweilers.Glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids are hormones that are usually produced by the adrenal glands, which are near the kidneys. These hormones are vital to the healthy, proper functioning of the body—abnormal increases or decreases of these h...

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Cherry Eye in Pets

A prolapsed gland of the eyelid (or, “cherry eye”) refers to a pink mass that protrudes from an animal’s eyelid. Usually, the gland development is anchored by an attachment that is made up of fibrous material. This condition occurs in both cats and dogs—however it mostly affects younger pets.How Can I Identify Cherry Eye in Pets?The most common sign of cherry eye is an oval mass that protrudes from your pet’s third eyelid. This can occur in both eyes or just one eye and can be accompanied by irritation and swelling.What Causes Cherry Eye?This condition is often asso...

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